What Is The Sgraffito Technique?

What is the meaning of sgraffito?

1 : decoration by cutting away parts of a surface layer (as of plaster or clay) to expose a different colored ground — compare graffito..

What is Obvara firing?

The obvara firing process, which originated in Eastern Europe around the 12th Century, involves scalding the finish on the pottery to seal the porous surface. Similar to the raku pottery process, a bisqued pot is heated, in this case to 1650°F (899°C) and removed from the heat.

What is greenware in pottery?

When we “pour greenware” we are simply mixing solutions and clay together to make a slip clay. … Bisque is clay that has been fired at a very hot temp. and then turns white. Greenware is a dark grey, where bisque is very white. There are different ceramic techniques to do on both greenware and bisque.

Can you do sgraffito on Bisqueware?

Making sgraffito pottery involves scratching through a top decorative layer to expose the underlying clay body. The decorative layer can be underglaze, slip or engobe. … However, the sgraffito technique can be used on bisqueware too.

What does underglaze mean?

: applied or suitable for applying before the glaze is put on underglaze decorations underglaze colors.

What is the difference between underglaze and overglaze?

What is the important difference between overglaze and underglaze is when the paint is apllied. In the case of overglaze, you burn the glazing on the porcelain and then paint it. While when using underglaze the paint is applied on the unglazed porcelain and then the glaze is applied over the paint.

Where did the sgraffito technique originate?

The origins of sgraffito are traced to the Italian renaissance where it played a significant role in its use on the exterior of buildings and palace facades. After its introduction in Southern Europe, Sgraffito made its way into art and architecture during the Northern Renaissance, particularly in Germany.

What does underglaze mean in ceramics?

Underglaze is a method of decorating pottery in which painted decoration is applied to the surface before it is covered with a transparent ceramic glaze and fired in a kiln. … Underglaze decoration uses pigments derived from oxides which fuse with the glaze when the piece is fired in a kiln.

What is the technique of sgraffito in pottery making?

Sgraffito (in Italian “to scratch”) is a decorating pottery technique produced by applying layers of color or colors (underglazes or colored slips) to leather hard pottery and then scratching off parts of the layer(s) to create contrasting images, patterns and texture and reveal the clay color underneath.

What is the Mishima technique?

Mishima is a technique of inlaying slip, underglaze, or even contrasting clay into the main clay body of the pottery piece. This technique creates extremely fine, intricate design work with hard, sharp edges that can be difficult to reliably replicate in any other way.

What tools are used for sgraffito?

Needle and Sgraffito ToolsEtching/Drypoint Needles and Scribes. $7.29 – $20.51. 4.7 out of 5 stars. … Excel Blades Tracing Wheel. $11.02. … Kemper Clay Drill. $4.29. … Kemper Clean Up Tool. $3.85. … Kemper Double Ball Stylus Embossing Tools. $3.95 – $4.05. … Kemper Scratch and Lift Duster. $6.78. … Kemper Straight Needle. $2.27. … Kemper Wire Loop Sgraffito Tool. $4.89.More items…

How do you spell sgraffito?

noun, plural sgraf·fi·ti [skrah-fee-tee; Italian zgrahf-fee-tee]. a technique of ornamentation in which a surface layer of paint, plaster, slip, etc., is incised to reveal a ground of contrasting color. an object, especially pottery, decorated by this technique.

Can you put underglaze on Bisqueware?

The beauty of underglaze is it can be used on either greenware or bisque-fired clay. That said, it’s important to remember that bone-dry clay is one of the most fragile states. … One of the advantages of using underglazes is you can mix the colors to create a painterly effect.

What does incising mean in ceramics?

Incising is to engrave a design by cutting or scraping into the clay surface at any stage of drying, from soft to bone dry. … Note: Incising becomes sprigging when it goes through the clay, leaving a hole.

When was sgraffito first used?

16th centuryGiven that the word sgraffito is derived from the Italian word graffiare meaning ‘to scratch,’ the technique did indeed begin in Italy and dates back to around the 15th or 16th century.

What does Scumbling mean?

Scumbling refers to a painting technique which involves applying a thin layer of paint with a dry brush and a loose hand over an existing layer. … It is most commonly thought of as an oil painting technique, but it can also be used with acrylic or watercolor paints.

What’s the difference between sgraffito and Mishima?

What is Mishima? Mishima is the opposite sgraffito: a design is scratched into the leather-hard piece and then the lines are filled with color. Additional color is added to finish the design.